Definition of Robot


An “official definition of an industrial robot is provided by the Robotics Industries Association (RIA), formerly the Robotics Institute of America (RIA):
An industrial robot is a reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator designed to move materials, parts, tools, or special devices through variable programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks.
It implies that industrial robots should be classified as a form of programmable automation.
While the robots are examples of programmable automation, they are sometimes used in flexible automation an even fixed automation systems. These systems may consist of several machines/robots controlled by a computer or a programmable controller.
For instance, there can be dozens of spot weld robots and the computer or the programmable controller which contains the robot program downloads the robot program to those spot weld robots depending on type of product(Car model in case of automobile industry) to be welded.
Industrial robots need not look or behave analogous to human. Instead, they can be one-armed which may operate from a fixed location on the factory floor or may be mobile robots like Rovers.

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